Fred Turner is Harry and Norman Chandler Professor of Communication at Stanford University. His research explores the ways emerging media have shaped American life since World War II. He is the author of several books, including From Counterculture to Cyberculture: Stewart Brand, the Whole Earth Network, and the Rise of Digital Utopianism, and its prequel, The Democratic Surround: Multimedia and American Liberalism from World War II to the Psychedelic Sixties, both with the University of Chicago Press. He has been a LeBoff Distinguished Visiting Scholar at New York University, a Beaverbrook Visiting Scholar at McGill, a Fellow at the Digital Cultures Research Laboratory at Leuphana University, and twice a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford. Before coming to Stanford, he worked for ten years as a journalist. He has written for newspapers and magazines ranging from the Boston Globe Sunday Magazine to Harper’s.